Heavy vehicles are also part of the European plan to reduce CO₂ emissions, and for the first time, representatives of Parliament and the European Council have reached an agreement that affects trucks, coaches and buses. The new regulations will monitor and control the emissions and fuel consumption data of new vehicles.
This is the first time that European legislation has targeted heavy vehicles, and is doing so within a strategy of sustainable mobility and low carbon emissions. The manufacturers will control and inform about the levels of emissions of the new registered vehicles, levels that will be determined by the VECTO (Vehicle Energy Consumption Calculation Tool) tool.
The European Commission will make the information public through the European Environment Agency, to allow comparison between different brands and models. In addition, the Commission will establish administrative fines in case the manufacturers do not report the data collected or manipulate them.
Europe will also launch tests to verify the fuel consumption and CO2 emissions of heavy vehicles that are already in circulation. The objective is to reduce these polluting gases by 20% in 2030 compared to the levels of 2008. Also, this measure is intended to increase transparency for the transport sector to make decisions based on sustainable mobility when buying heavy vehicles.
For the time being no further details about this plan have been revealed, but it has yet to be formally approved by the European Parliament. This measure will come into force 20 days after its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.